Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes)

Meet our Red Fox family at the Zoo - Mariann (females are called vixens) and Robin (males are called dogs).
They were both born in 1995. They have two daughters (called cubs) born here at the Zoo on April 27 of last year.

These animals are nocturnal and very shy, elusive critters, so you may not see them much in the wild. But the curiosity of our cubs keeps the whole family on view here at the Zoo most days.

Foxes are generalists, meaning they can survive in many different habitats (including cities) and eat a variety of foods.

Foxes have excellent hearing. They can pick up the sounds of a mouse rustling in grass or earthworms moving on the soil surface.

Fox dens have a distinct sweet, musty smell. Don't believe me? Come to the Zoo and check it out for yourself!

Description: 

Weight is 4 - 7 kg. Color ranges from pale yellowish red to deep reddish brown on upper parts, and white, ash or slate on underside. Lower part of leg usually black. Tail is tipped in black or white. A fox's tail is called a brush. In the winter a fox will wrap its thick tail around its body to keep warm while asleep. The red fox has whiskers on its legs and face to help it get around in its den in the dark!

Habitat: 

Forest, tundra, prairie, farmland and urban areas.

Range: 

Canada, Alaska, continental US, Europe, Asia and North Africa. It was introduced into Australia in the 19th century.

Diet: 

Rodents, rabbits, insects, earthworms, fruit. Foxes don't chew, they use their carnassial teeth to cut meat into digestible chunks.

Life Span: 

6 years average in the wild, 12 years in captivity.

Status: 

Numbers are plentiful due to its adaptability to a variety of habitats.